Home to about 11 million people, Cuba and the Republic of Cuba consists of a group of islands located in the Caribbean Sea. Discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492, Cuba quickly became a tourist starting point for people from all over the world. Here are some interesting facts about Cuba.
Officially known as the ” Republic of Cuba ”, the state consists of the island of Cuba, Juventud Island (aka ” The Island of Youth ”) and several adjacent islands. South are Jamaica and the Cayman Islands to the north – the Bahamas and Florida, the East – Haiti and to the west – Mexico.
Cuba is the most populous country in the entire Caribbean region.
The main island of Cuba is surrounded by four main groups – Carnegie Kanarios, Jardines de la Reina and Kolorados.
The total area the country is 110.860 square kilometers, making it the 17th largest island in the world.
The main island consists of sandy plains. Has large areas in the southeastern part, which are occupied by steep mountains called Sierra Maestra. The highest point in the Sierra Maestra is the Pico Turquino, rising to a height of 2000 meters.
The climate in there is tropical with prevailing trade winds. Has a dry season – from November to April and rainy season – from May to October. The average temperature is 21 degrees Celsius in January and 27 degrees Celsius in July.
The island was discovered by Columbus in 1492 by then Columbus thought it was India.
Cubans, calls the island ‘El Cocodrilo’ or ‘El Caiman’, because its shape resembles a crocodile or alligator.
The whole country consists of over 400 islands and sand reefs. It is home to fish Manjuarí, which is not found anywhere else.
This capital of it is Havana, whereas in the past it was the capital Santiago de Cuba. UNESCO declared Havana, Cienfuegos and Trinidad World Heritage Site.
Cuba has a mixed population, 1% Chinese, 11% black, 37% of Europeans and 51% mulatto. Female population is 5,580,500, and the male is about 5,597,233.
The ratio of doctor – patient is the highest in Cuba. In fact, there are so many doctors in there, that country sends specialists in other countries, who has weak medical care.
Has a strict policy on the use of the Internet. Very few people have permission to access the Internet. Violators can expect five years in prison.
Cuba has more than 200 250 Bay and beaches that are a paradise for tourists who want to break away from the hustle and bustle.
On the island there are no plants and animals that are poisonous or deadly to humans.
Surprisingly, but football is not the most popular sport in there. While most other Latin American countries prefer football as a favorite sport, then the Cubans play baseball with pleasure. Cuban baseball team is among the best in the world.
Cuba is also known for its popular worldwide Cuban cigars, which are considered to be of the highest quality.
The official language in the country is Spanish, although many people speak English.
Cuba is a popular tourist destination and attracts about two million visitors annually. It has a number of beaches, colonial architecture, favorable climate and rich cultural history that attract tourists from around the world.